Everything You Need To Know About Bleeding Gums And Its Treatment


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Bleeding gums, while common, shouldn’t be ignored. They can point to underlying issues and, if left untreated, can lead to more serious problems. Let’s delve into the potential causes and effective treatments for bleeding gums.

What are the causes of bleeding gums?

1. Plaque Buildup

The most frequent culprit is plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that accumulates on teeth and gums. If not removed regularly through brushing and flossing, it hardens into tartar, further irritating the gums and causing inflammation and bleeding. 

2. Gingivitis

This early stage of gum disease is characterized by inflamed, red, and sometimes tender gums that bleed easily. Gingivitis is reversible with proper oral hygiene and professional cleanings. 

3. Periodontitis

If gingivitis remains untreated, it can progress to periodontitis, a severe gum infection that damages the tissues and bone supporting your teeth. This can lead to gum recession, loose teeth, and even tooth loss. 


4. Brushing Too Hard

Aggressive brushing can damage the delicate gum tissue, causing bleeding. Opt for a soft-bristled brush and use gentle, circular motions. 

5. Ill-Fitting Dentures

Dentures that don’t fit properly can rub against the gums, causing irritation and bleeding. Regular visits to your dentist for adjustments are crucial. 


6. Hormonal Changes

Fluctuations in hormone levels during pregnancy, puberty, or menopause can make gums more sensitive and prone to bleeding. 

7. Vitamin Deficiencies 

Deficiencies in vitamins C and K can contribute to bleeding gums. This can mean someone not eating enough food products including these vitamins. 


What are the treatment options?

1. Improved Oral Hygiene 

The foundation of treatment is good oral hygiene, including brushing twice daily with a soft-bristled brush and flossing once a day. 

2. Professional Cleaning

Regular dental cleanings remove plaque and tartar that brushing and flossing alone can’t reach.

Representational Image/JupiterDentist

3. Scaling and Root Planning 

This deeper cleaning procedure is used for more advanced gum disease to remove tartar and smooth rough tooth surfaces, where bacteria thrive. 

4. Antibiotics

In some cases, your dentist may prescribe antibiotics to combat gum infection. This can have a permanent fix or can work for awhile as well. 

Representational Image/mydrdental

Bleeding gums are a sign that something needs attention. Take action, prioritize your oral hygiene, and consult your dentist to ensure healthy gums and a confident smile.

For more stories like these, follow us on Indiatimes Lifestyle. 

Everything You Need To Know About Bleeding Gums And Its Treatment

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