Everything You Need to Know About Endometriosis


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Endometriosis is a chronic condition affecting women of reproductive age where tissue similar to the lining of the uterus (endometrium) grows outside the uterus. This misplaced tissue behaves similarly to the uterine lining, thickening, breaking down, and bleeding during the menstrual cycle. However, since it’s outside the uterus, it has no way to leave the body, leading to inflammation, pain, and scar tissue formation.

Prevalence and Impact:

Endometriosis affects an estimated 10% of women globally, translating to roughly 190 million individuals.
It can cause severe pain, impacting daily life and leading to depression, anxiety, and even infertility in some cases.

menstrual cramps

What are the symptoms?

Pelvic pain: This is the most common symptom, typically worsening during menstruation and ovulation. Pain can also occur during intercourse, bowel movements, or urination.

Heavy or irregular periods: Endometriosis can lead to excessive bleeding, prolonged periods, and spotting between periods. 

Infertility: While not all women with endometriosis experience fertility issues, it is a common concern. Scar tissue from the misplaced tissue can block fallopian tubes or impede egg implantation. 

Other symptoms: Fatigue, bloating, nausea, and digestive issues can also occur.

Menstrual Cramps Reason Ways to Control
Miskawaan Health Group

Causes and Risk Factors:

The exact cause of endometriosis remains unknown, although several theories exist, including retrograde menstruation (backflow of menstrual blood), genetics, and immune system dysfunction.
Certain risk factors increase the likelihood of developing endometriosis, such as early menarche (first period), heavy periods, a family history of the condition, and never having given birth.


Early diagnosis is crucial for managing endometriosis and improving quality of life.
Diagnosis often involves a combination of pelvic exams, imaging tests like ultrasounds or MRIs, and sometimes laparoscopy (a minimally invasive surgical procedure).

period cramps after vaccine shot
Representational Image


There is no cure for endometriosis, but various treatment options aim to manage symptoms and improve fertility. 

Hormonal therapy: Medications like birth control pills, progestin-only options, and GnRH agonists can suppress endometrial growth and alleviate pain. 

Pain management: Over-the-counter pain relievers, prescription medications, and nerve blocks can help manage pain. 

Surgery: Laparoscopy can be used to remove or ablate endometrial implants and scar tissue, potentially improving fertility. 

Complementary therapies: While not a substitute for conventional treatment, acupuncture, yoga, and other complementary therapies can offer pain relief and improve well-being.

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Living with Endometriosis:

Endometriosis can be a challenging condition, but there are many resources and support groups available.
Open communication with healthcare providers and loved ones is essential.
Joining support groups and online communities can connect you with others facing similar experiences and provide valuable information and emotional support.

Please remember that this information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice. Always consult with your healthcare provider for diagnosis, treatment, and personalized guidance.

For more stories like these, follow us on Indiatimes Lifestyle. 

Everything You Need to Know About Endometriosis

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